Konya

Konya is the sixth biggest town of Turkey today as a booming town in the middle of endless steppes on Anatolian plateau.

Konya was called Iconium in ancient time and had important role in medieval period. It became the capital of Selcuk Rum Sultanate when the earlier capital Iznik (Nicaea) fell to the Byzantines in 1097 after the Crusaders’ siege. Konya was destroyed repeatedly by the Crusaders and then by the Mongolians. After the destructions, Konya was reestablished as capital again.

In this bloody period a man called, Mevlana Celaleddin el Rumi  established a Muslim religious order and put ‘love’ to the heart of his belief. His 13th century convent became a museum today and crowded with locals and tourists all the time.

Konya has some other important medieval structures: Alaaddin Mosque is on the top of the old town hill, which is a green park today. Alaaddin Keykubat, the most famous Selcuk Sultan, completed the mosque.

Karatay Medrese and Ince Minare Medrese were both used to be theological schools in medieval time and today they serve as museums. Karatay Museum has very interesting medieval tiles mainly from Selcuk summer Palace by the Beysehir Lakeside. Ince Minare Museum has stone and wooden artifacts; especially angel stone reliefs that used to decorate town gates until 19th century, explain a lot about Selcuk Turks’ appearance, fashion and beliefs.

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