Hierapolis (Pamukkale)

‘Hiera’ means holy and ‘polis’ means city. There were many temples in pagan period and it was important Christian centre too.
It has a remarkable theatre, city gates, baths and a nymphaeum (monumental fountain).

The Martyrdom of St. Philip is important Christian monument. Although the name of the building suggests that Philip was martyred here. There is not any evidence about it. The ruin of the octagonal building was built in Christian period, centuries later. Furthermore, the site offers best preserved ancient cemetery that is the city of the dead: Necropolis.

All these ancient ruins provide to the place enough attraction; however, the site is famous for its calcareous mass pools. The hot spring water that has calcium in it appeared originally from the underneath of the Temple of Apollo. It left its calcium deposit behind while it goes down to the plain. That is why there are calcareous mass pools and some stalactite formations. It is a unique natural wonder and all you have to do is just to take your shoes off and paddle in the ankle deep shallow, warm pools.


In Turkish language, the site is called Pamukkale: ‘Pamuk’ means cotton and ‘kale’ means ‘castle’. Anything white is like cotton in Turkish language and terraces are white anyway. In addition, there are cotton fields around!

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