Necessary Information

Weather & Clothing

Turkey is on the Northern Sphere so March, April and May are spring; June, July and August are summer; September, October and November are autumn; December, January and February are winter.
In general summers are dry and hot and winters are cold and wet. However according to region we have different climates. According to scientists, Turkey is divided into 7 or 11 climate zone. Winters are warmer in Aegean and Mediterranean regions and colder in Central and Eastern regions. Snow fall is almost none in Antalya or Izmir, less in Istanbul, more in Central Anatolia and very severe in Eastern Anatolia.
Summers are dry but sometimes umbrella is necessary. We have humid days or weeks in coastal area. Marmara, Northern Aegean and Black Seas are pleasant to swim just in summer. However Southern Aegean and Mediterranean Seas are pleasant from beginning of April to the end of October. Even some sunny winter days are all right to swim. That is why swimming suit must be in the case. In order to endure to walk in open air sites sun glasses and sun hats are recommended. Eastern Black Sea Region has regular clouds and rain even in mid summer time. A sweater would be pleasant for some summer nights in all over Turkey but especially in Central and Eastern Turkey.
In spring and autumn a raincoat is also necessary in all over Turkey. In winter warm clothes certainly must be in the case.
Shoes must be accordingly too. An easy walking shoe is a very good idea because even in regular tours in sites and cities a lot of walking is necessary.
In some of the religious sites headscarves and something to cover legs and shoulders is necessary for ladies. Men must have long pants in such places.

Money

The currency in Turkey is Turkish Lira. It is better to have some Turkish Lira while you travel in Turkey. Best rates are in Exchange Offices and in city centers there are some. Bank rates are slightly worse. If you would like to use foreign cash shops know more about US Dollar and Euro.
ATM’s are all over Turkey. They are in Turkish and English so very easy to use.
Credit cards are usable everywhere. Pin codes are necessary to use but if you don’t have a pin code it is all right to sign.
Travelers cheques are not easy to use any more. There are high commissions on them.

Food and Water Safety

It is better not to drink tap water in Turkey. Bottled water is sold everywhere. Before having ice in your drink please ask if it is made with tap water or not. Your guide will help you about it.
If you are not so sure about food safety of the place it is better to keep away from green salads especially in summer time. We will take you to the good restaurant and hotels.

Taxi

Taxi word is taksi in Turkish since there is not letter x. It is yellow color and has a taximeter. You just have to pay what is written in taximeter. You don’t have to negotiate and tip. They are spoiled to leave little coins and unfortunately some of them like travelling.
Eventually they go where you want to go with a round about journey!

Tipping

Turkey has the tipping custom. Tipping is extra. It is not part of the bill. When you go to restaurants, cafes, bars and Turkish baths it is better to tip. If you like the service it can be about 10%and if you didn’t like much certainly can give less or none. For self service restaurants you don’t have to tip. However next to the cashier there is a tip box and if you like you can get rid of little coins there!
For the guides and drivers of the tours also tip is not included. For the group tours per person 1€ for drivers and 3€ for guides is appropriate. For individual tours you catnip according to the quality of the services you received.

Security

Turkey is a safe country. However, big cities, especially Istanbul has pickpocket problem. You should be careful in touristic areas and crowded streets.
We advise you not to carry passport, flight ticket, most of the credit cards and cash. Leaving them in hotel deposit box is a better idea. You can have just one credit card and necessary amount of money if you go to crowded areas on your own.
Do not let other people to touch you, to lean on you in crowded places.
Please kindly decline suggestions of drink from the people you just met. It might include some drugs probably…

Photography

Turkey is still a heaven for photographers. In many sites and museums you can take photo freely. In some of the museums it is restricted or on payment. You guide will inform you these places.
If you would like to take photo of the people it is better to ask them. You can smile and say “photo”. They will understand. You will find younger people too ready. You will notice that they will give you address if you could send them the photo. The elder people are more discontented. If they say no, you should not think it has something to do with religion necessarily. Because of the variety shows on TV, many people want to have a distance with cameras.
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